Depression is more than simply feeling unhappy or fed up for a few days.

Most people go through periods of feeling down, but when you're depressed you feel persistently sad for weeks or months, rather than just a few days.

Depression affects people in different ways and can cause a wide variety of symptoms.

They range from lasting feelings of unhappiness and hopelessness, to losing interest in the things you used to enjoy and feeling very tearful. Many people with depression also have symptoms of anxiety.

There can be physical symptoms too, such as feeling constantly tired, sleeping badly, having no appetite or sex drive, and various aches and pains.


Psychological symptoms

The psychological symptoms of depression include:

  • continuous low mood or sadness 

  • feeling hopeless and helpless 

  • having low self-esteem  

  • feeling tearful 

  • feeling guilt-ridden 

  • feeling irritable and intolerant of others  

  • having no motivation or interest in things 

  • finding it difficult to make decisions 

  • not getting any enjoyment out of life 

  • feeling anxious or worried  

  • having suicidal thoughts or thoughts of harming yourself


Physical symptoms

The physical symptoms of depression include:

  • moving or speaking more slowly than usual  

  • changes in appetite or weight (usually decreased, but sometimes increased)  

  • constipation  

  • unexplained aches and pains 

  • lack of energy 

  • low sex drive (loss of libido) 

  • changes to your menstrual cycle

  • disturbed sleep – for example, finding it difficult to fall asleep at night or waking up very early in the morning


Social symptoms

The social symptoms of depression include:

  • not doing well at work 

  • avoiding contact with friends and taking part in fewer social activities 

  • neglecting your hobbies and interests 

  • having difficulties in your home and family life

  • mild depression – has some impact on your daily life 

  • moderate depression – has a significant impact on your daily life 

  • severe depression 


Other types of depression

There are different types of depression, and some conditions where depression may be one of the symptoms. These include:

  • postnatal depression 

  • bipolar disorder 

  • seasonal affective disorder (SAD) 



The good news is that with the right treatment and support, most people with depression can make a full recovery.

A detailed consultation will determine the programme of treatments suitable for your needs.